Many Canadian adults will deal with gum disease at some point in their lifetimes. This condition is often caused by poor oral hygiene. In this post, our Lethbridge dentists explain how poor oral hygiene leads to gum disease, and what you can do to avoid the disease.
What is gum disease?
Also called periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the bone and soft tissues that support the teeth. When you hear your dentist describe gingivitis, this is the most mild or moderate type of gum disease, and it only impacts soft tissues.
More advanced forms of the disease infect bones and the teeth's supporting structures, which can eventually lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
What causes gum disease?
Numerous factors may contribute to your risk of developing gum disease, including bacteria and plaque buildup in the mouth, smoking, some prescription medications, nutritional deficiencies, hormonal shifts, uneven teeth and potentially genetics.
Bleeding gums are a clue that you may have gum disease, which is why you should schedule an appointment with your dentist if you notice that your gums are bleeding. Because your mouth contains millions of bacteria, great oral hygiene every day is a must - to disrupt the bacteria.
If it is left too long, your body will try to rid itself of undisturbed bacteria by sending more blood to your gums. The excess blood may cause swelling, soreness, bleeding and redness. Your body thinks it has infection - this is called gingivitis, and it won't heal until the source of infection is eliminated.
Bacteria can be found in plaque, tartar or calculus, pockets beneath the gums (in cases of advanced gum disease), cavities, abscesses and chipped teeth. They may also hide in old dental work, as repairs to your teeth create an edge or margin that bacteria can adhere to.
What can I do to avoid gum disease?
There are no real 'tips and tricks' when it comes to avoiding gum disease. The best way to avoid developing gum disease is to maintain good oral hygiene habits, plain and simple.
None of the above-listed factors alone can cause gum disease to develop and thrive. If you maintain a rigorous and thorough oral hygiene routine, it will be very difficult for gum disease to start to take hold.
For example, while you may be prone to plaque buildup (perhaps due to genetics), as long as you brush and floss your teeth twice a day and visit your dentist as prescribed for regular professional cleanings and checkups, chances are that gum disease will not be able to fully develop.
Whether a pregnancy causes a hormonal shift, you take prescription medication, or are a regular smoker, the most common cause of gum disease is the unimpeded development of bacteria and plaque in the mouth.
Most of the time, gum disease can be easily prevented with a good oral hygiene routine. While the issues listed above can increase your risk (and make prevention more challenging), whether it actually develops comes down to the decisions you make every day about your oral oral health practices.